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If they were Republicans and they were seeking to oppose President George W. Bush in 2004 GOP primaries -- or even thinking about running -- you can find them ALL listed here!

Blake Ashby Blake Ashby (Missouri)

Business entrepreneur Blake Ashby, 39, achieved his first professional goal: he became a self-made multi-millionaire before age 40. That's why he figured he had nothing to lose by making a run for President in 2004. Ashby -- who qualified for the New Hampshire (12th place - 264 votes) and Missouri (3rd place - 981 votes) primary ballots -- vowed he would spend what was needed to get on additional state ballots and get his message out about where the GOP needs to go. And -- since he was reportedly once worth millions -- it first appeared he had the ability to do just that (although it turned out that the 2000 stock market crash left with a net worth of well under a million dollars). Ashby had earned his money by co-founding an independent communications provider in the mid-1990s and then selling the company to a wealthy competitor. He ran for President because he believed President Bush ignored the party's traditional commitment to fiscal responsibility by running up a $400 billion deficit. "Deficits are stealing from our children, and not a way to run a government ... We're historically the party of a balanced budget, small government and a free market," said Ashby. He also took issue with the increasing role social conservatives have been playing in the GOP: "It's time for freedom-loving moderates to take [control of the party] back." He explained that he was not running to defeat Bush -- whom he said he respected -- but was ultimately running "because the Republican primaries are our one chance to let the party know how important our traditional Republican values are." He supported medical marijuana, opposes unfunded mandates "such as the current 'no child left behind' rhetoric", advocates federal tax reform, supports strengthening environmental protection laws, opposes deficit budgets, believes "our first and best line of national defense has always been democratic capitalism [and] free trade", and wants to return nearly all control over education to the state/local levels. He ended his campaign in March 2004, having spent just around $10,000 on his run.

Richard P. "Dick" Bosa (New Hampshire) Dick Bosa

Businessman and Army veteran Dick Bosa clearly likes running for office -- because he's done it so many times. Twice he actually won elections: a seat on the Berlin (NH) Charter Revision Board in 1993, and one term as Berlin Mayor (1996-98). Along the way, he's also run for President three times (1988, 1992 and 1996), and made runs for State Senate, Congress and Governor. In his last run for President -- in the 1996 New Hampshire GOP primary -- he finished tenth place with 216 votes (0.1%). In 2004, at age 61, Bosa was back to make a fourth White House run. Because of a messy divorce in the 1980s and some other litigation he was involved in, Bosa has come to really hate lawyers and judges. Bosa explained: "The legal game is 'Judges protecting the lawyers to perpetuate the scheme for the money' as all litigation is elongated and complicated to raise legal fees. Our only solution is to bring ethical behavior and accountability back to government ... For a start, we should enact two rules: 1. Vote NO to any lawyer seeking political office; 2. Vote to REDUCE all public offices to two terms." On a related note, he also founded a group entitled Victims of a Corrupt American Legal System in the 1990s. Today, Bosa serves as President of the National Congress for Legal Reform -- an umbrella organization linking various anti-lawyer groups. Bosa -- who recently recovered from colon cancer -- vows that he will now focus his activism "on the root core problem of the deterioration of values by government, not acknowledging constitutional guarantees, corrupt courts, silent press intimidated by lawyers, civic groups like the Chamber Of Commerce, NH Business and Industry working for self serving interests and the movement of JOBS by multinationals destroying NH and the US economy, and the lack of morals in the Catholic Church. I call this period 'The Medieval Dark Ages of the 21st Century' where greed, lust for wealth, property and control is the driving force for most individuals, corporations and government agencies." He paid his NH filing fee with a thousand silver dollars, and explained to reporters that he wanted to debate President Bush on the economy and his fiscally irresponsible spending programs. He finished seventh place in the 2004 NH primary with 841 votes -- his best finish ever. No campaign activity beyond the NH primary.

Albertha Moultrie Brinson (New York)

Albertha Moultrie Brinson filed paperwork with the FEC declaring her candidacy "for nomination as the Republican [Presidential] challenger to the Rev. Al Sharpton." Doesn't Ms. Brinson have to get past President Bush in the primaries to even have a shot at whomever the Democrats nominate? Brinson has filed federal paperwork twice in the past to run for US Senate -- but she never qualified for the ballot. Brinson has also filed paperwork indicating prominent New York City Minister Calvin O. Butts III will be her runningmate, but it is unclear if Butts has any knowledge of -- or involvement in -- the Brinson campaign. Brinson ran for NYC School Board in 2001 under the name "Albertha Butts-Brinson" (while serving as her own campaign treasurer under the name of "Albertha Moultrie"). Confusing, isn't it! No sign of an campaign activity by this hopeful.

John Buchanan John Buchanan (Florida)

Freelance journalist John Buchanan explained he ran for President in the 2004 New Hampshire primary (8th place - 836 votes) to "be the Gene McCarthy of the 2004 race and do to President Bush what McCarthy did to President Johnson in 1968 -- I want to send a loud message that shakes the White House ... I am running to get corporations out of politics, stop war profiteering, and reform the media." Buchanan first became a favorite of the anti-Bush crowd when he authored an investigative report which purports to show ties between the Bush family and a German industrialist who helped finance the Nazi Party in Germany in the 1930s and 1940s. In the article -- widely circulated on the internet -- Buchanan wrote that "newly-uncovered government documents in The National Archives and Library of Congress reveal that Prescott Bush, the grandfather of President George W. Bush, served as a business partner of and U.S. banking operative for the financial architect of the Nazi war machine from 1926 until 1942, when Congress took aggressive action against Bush and his 'enemy national' partners." As a journalist, Buchanan's work has appeared in more than fifty newspapers, magazines and books over the past three decades. Buchanan even purportedly received some death threats after publishing that article. An AP news story about Buchanan's report claims that the Bush Family-Nazi ties are weak at best, as Prescott Bush was one of seven directors of the company at issue. Still -- regardless of whether the facts in his story are true or exaggerated -- President George W. Bush certainly had nothing to do with whatever took place during World War II as he wasn't even born until 1946. Buchanan is also seeking primary ballot status in California, Florida and other elsewhere. In an email to Politics1, he added that he is running in 2004 as a "peace candidate" and is seeking a "chance to be taken seriously as a 'Bush-stopper.'" He also has a deal with a publisher to write -- after his run ended -- a book about his 2004 run. His campaign was limited to the NH primary, and his campaign site has already morphed back into an anti-Bush site. Additional related links include: Conspiracy Planet (additional Buchanan articles), Buchanan Response to AP Article, History News Network (official GHWB Historian Herb Parmet's analysis of the Nazi charges) and jtwg@bellsouth.net (Buchanan's email address).

Edie Bukewihge (California) Edie Bukewihge

Mrs. Edie Bukewihge -- she always uses the "Mrs." -- tried running simultaneously for both President and US Senator in 2004. However, she was unable to secure ballot status in either the US Senate race or in any Presidential primaries. A homemaker and self-described publisher, she was previously a candidate for California Governor in the 2002 primary (5th place - 0.6% - 14,400 votes). The resume posted on her campaign site gives an odd bunch of information. She writes that she's been a Republican since 1980 but has never been a convention delegate, etc., because she is "never invited to official events." In response to the header "Education (Formal or Informal)" ... Bukewihge responded "Both, Formal and Informal - 16 yrs." Her political writings on her campaign site are equally vague: "You know when you are good! It's when a president and his flunkies attempt to consider you are not valid. You are good when those of the same gender, have turned stomachs when you enter the room, or attempt to defame your character. I love seeing their jealousies, it is very admirable, I am impressed. You are good when your e-mail is toyed with, and redirected to who knows where, and not to you. You are good, when your website is sitting on a dead-server from time to time ... I am crazy to think that anyone could take me serious. My skin is dark, I don't have blonde hair, and I am not skinny, but I am a woman who says, 'Back-off or take my scorn'. What I am is human, with the will to humiliate my person to get the job done, to be elected with honor, and to keep our children safer and far more educated without taking all the blood from their parents in doing it." Well, you get the idea -- it all continues on like that. Bukewihge attacks the Bush Administration as being infused with "the spirit of Hitler" in its foreign policy. She also supports environmental protection laws, a strong national defense, and protection of civil rights.

Michael Callis Michael Callis (New Hampshire)

Michael Callis -- a bricklayer and stone mason -- qualified for a spot on the 2004 New Hampshire primary ballot (11th place - 388 votes). In fact, Callis limited his entire campaign to New Hampshire (and mainly to the part of the state where he lives). "I love America and am proud to be an American, but I am not proud of the covert foreign policy implemented by Intelligence agencies over the last 40 years in the name of America and this is why I am running for President," he explained. He also notes that he's running because he wants to see the electoral process work -- and disagreed with how the US Supreme Court played a role in the outcome of the 2000 election. "The election process is a simple and ingenious process that should not have been tampered with by the judicial branch of government," said Callis. One of his other issues is his opposition to Israel being recognized as a Jewish nation. Callis says he supports separation of church and state globally and believes some of the Middle East problems could be solved if Israel was "a country, not a religious state."

F. Dean Christensen (Arizona)

Dean Christensen was back making a third run for President in 2004. He previously ran in 1996 and 2000. He failed to qualify for any primary ballots in either of his past runs -- and this run was no different.

Carten Cordell (Alabama)

A review of Carten Cordell's website revealed little about his background, except that he stated he has a "degree in history" from Auburn University. Beyond that, the site stated that Cordell "has been involved in politics his entire life" -- but there was no elaboration. Even his platform was rather vague: "end the mis-trust of government" (by refusing to accept any PAC or corporate contributons) and ensuring that "every American ... have a good education" (but without the use of vouchers). He also maintained a second website on Alabama Politics. No sign of an active campaign, and Cordell failed to qualify for any primary ballots.

Thomas S. Fabish (California)

Thomas Fabish made his fourth run for President in 2004. Fabish previously ran in 1992, 1996 and 2000. In 1992, he actually qualified for the New Hampshire primary ballot -- and finished in 31st place (25 votes). But, like his last two runs, he did not appear on any ballots.

Lowell J. "Jack" Fellure (West Virginia)

Rev. Jack Fellure previously registered with the FEC as a Presidential candidate in 1992, 1996 and 2000. Days after the 2000 election -- but before the winner was known -- Fellure filed FEC paperwork to run again in 2004. Fellure believed that President George H.W. Bush was responsible for fanning "the flames of international, Satanic, Marxist socialism to the exclusion of our national sovereignty." Further, Fellure said that President Clinton subsequently "shifted into overdrive the socialistic, Marxist New World Order agenda." He said our country is "being destroyed by atheists, Marxists, liberals, queers, liars, draft-dodgers, flag-burners, dope addicts, sex perverts and anti-Christians." Fellure, clearly, did not buy into the whole "Big Tent" concept of the GOP. In 1992, Fellure qualified for the NH primary ballot and finished in 24th place (36 votes). In 2004, he failed to qualify for any ballots.

Hoover Mark Gee (California) H.M. Gee

Hoover Mark Gee -- a 73-year-old Chinese-American businessman -- made his second run for President in 2004 (but failed to qualify for any primary ballots). Gee was also an airline flight attendant for 12 years and served in the Army in 1952-54. He previously ran for San Francisco Board of Supervisors in 1977 and for President in 1996. Gee, a high school graduate, is married and the father of three children.

Bruce Gidner Bruce A. Gidner (Michigan)

Except for the fact that Bruce Gidner is single, a high school graduate, Lutheran, was born in 1962, and filed FEC paperwork to run for President, no other info is known about this hopeful. No sign of any active campaign.

George Gostigian (New Jersey)

George Gostigian was one of several GOP hopefuls who opposed President Bush on the 2004 New Hampshire primary ballot (19th place -- dead last -- 52 votes). In 2000, he ran as a third party candidate for the US Senate and finished last (11th place - 2,536 votes). Technically, Gostigian was the Senate candidate of the "God Bless Jersey Party" -- but that party was a fictional entity he created. Before that -- in 1999 -- he lost a local run in NJ as an Independent candidate for Berkeley Mayor. No known website.

Robert E. "Bob" Haines (New Hampshire) Robert Haines

Robert Haines -- a former adopted Texan who campaigned in a cowboy hat -- was the very first person who qualified for a spot on the 2004 New Hampshire primary ballot. In the past, he ran for President in 1992 and 1996. He also sought other offices in Colorado and elsewhere in years past. In the mid-1990s, Haines moved to DC and began writing a political newsletter. He believes most voters remembered he was the man on the sidewalk in front of the White House who first tackled the gunman (Francisco Duran) who wanted to kill President Clinton by firing shots at the building and at Secret Service agents in 1994. Haines himself later spent time in jail for pulling a gun on a man while campaigning for the 1996 NH primary. Haines maintained he was defending himself after one man choked him and another threatened him outside a bar. "When elected, I will do my best to bring Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden to final justice. I will not grant amnesty to eight million illegal immigrants. I will not sacrifice national security for political gain. I will protect our borders ... I will have a strong economy and plan for budget surpluses so that we can pay off the national debt," said Haines, about his platform. Haines -- who said he campaigned in 36 states in recent years -- refused to accept that he was unknown to most voters. He argued -- somewhat delusionally -- that he was much like John McCain in 2000 and has a real chance of defeating Bush in New Hempshire. Haines even took up residency in the state just so he could campaign more effectively there. His residency became a more permanent matter for a while -- as, in late November 2003, he was arrested and jailed without bond on violation of probation related to his 1996 gun conviction. Amusingly, when he was given his one phone call to initially make upon his arrest, he called an AP reporter to discuss how he intended to continue his campaign despite the arrest. Haines said he expected to be out of jail by primary day. He finished tenth in NH with 579 votes. Shortly after his release from jail, he was arrested and jailed again -- so it appears the Haines 2004 campaign has finally ended.

Mark "Dick" Harnes (New York)

Dick Harnes qualified for a spot on the 2004 New Hampshire primary ballot (17th place - 87 votes). That vote total was an improvement over his first run four year ago. In his first run against George W. Bush in the 2000 New Hampshire primary, he also finished near the back of the pack (15th place - 34 votes). Harnes -- who ownes a company that sells classic autos -- is also the Town Constable of Blue Mountain Lake. Over the years, Harnes has owned a limousine company and once worked in broadcasting. No known website. His campaign was limited to the NH primary.

Millie Howard Mildred "Millie" Howard (Ohio)

Millie Howard previously ran for President in 1992, 1996 and 2000. She was back making a fourth bid in 2004. In fact, her rather durable slogan of "Millie Howard for President USA 1992 and Beyond" is easily adaptable to as many more runs as Howard desires to make. A medical office receptionist and 66-year-old mother of four grown children, she earned her B.S. degree in Finance in 2003 from Northern Kentucky University. Arguing that politics in America is "corrupt" and our current system is "socialistic," Howard called for smaller government. In a very libertarian vein, she also demanded the elimination of any laws that codify immorality (which Howard defines as "abortion, bankruptcy, divorce"). "Government needs to be moral and the rest will fall in place," Howard explains. Her central theme was creation of a "$10,000 Birth Right Stipend" program to eliminate all current entitlement programs. She also advocated adoption of a constitutional amendment declaring that life begins at conception. Howard competed in the 2004 New Hampshire primary (13th place - 239 votes). No activity beyond the NH primary.

Michael "Mike" Idrogo (Texas) Michael Idrogo

Mike Idrogo -- a retired US Navy Commander -- has been a frequent candidate for political office over the past few election cycles. He lost a Democratic special election primary for Congress in 1997. In 1999 and 2003, Idrogo lost two non-partisan races for Mayor of San Antonio. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Reform Party's Presidential nomination in 2000 and was also the party's US Senate candidate in Texas that same year (but did not qualify for the ballot). In 2002, Idrogo lost a bid for the Libertarian Party's nomination for US Senate. In 2004, he sought the GOP nomination for President as a staunch anti-Bush candidate -- but failed to make the ballot anywhere. In fact, the slogans on his bumber stickers included "Say 'No' to King George" and "Bush = Police State." His campaign site read like a Navy recruitment poster: "I fully support the finest Navy in the world and ALL service members and Veterans! ... Our newest Navy aircraft carriers -- 90,000 tons of diplomacy! Our UNITED STATES NAVY ... ANYTIME! ... ANYWHERE!" You can also find other odds-and-ends on his site ranging from a statement supporting a constitutional amendment to ban gay marriage to a recent picture of Idrogo with a metal detector in Dealy Plaza in Dallas "searching for the truth" about the 1963 JFK assassination. Another related link is Michael Idrogo for Mayor (2003).

Derrick Johnson Derrick C. Johnson (Oregon)

Derrick Johnson -- a former US Army officer and 1994 Oregon Congressional candidate -- billed himself as the "Most Distinctive Presidential Candidate on the Web." Johnson briefly made a largely unnoticed White House bid in 2000 -- and did likewise again in 2004. On issues, he was generally a Religious Right conservative and expressed strong support for states' rights and a stricter interpretation of the US Constitution. His religious views played a major role in his life -- and his bio stated that his "faith in Christ ... is precisely the reason why Derrick is an ideal candidate." His 2000 Presidential bid was short lived, as Johnson withdrew from the 2000 GOP race (and the Republican Party itself) in December 1999 to become the Vice Presidential runningmate on a ticket led by Joe Bellis, founder of a little-known third party. Bellis and Johnson ultimately quit the race entirely in July 2000. Johnson returned to the GOP fold to make a second White House bid in 2004.

Donnie Kennedy (Louisiana) Donnie Kennedy

Donnie Kennedy is a longtime activist in the "Southern Heritage" movement (i.e., seeking to keep the Confederate battle flag flying in the South and incorporated within the design of Southern state flags, opposing the MLK Holiday, etc.). Kennedy is also the former Commander of the Louisiana Division of the Sons of Confederate Veterans. A nurse anaesthetist by profession, Kennedy is the co-author several books including The South Was Right!, Why Not Freedom!, and Was Jefferson Davis Right?. He also serves on the Board of Directors of the League of the South. Kennedy readily admitted he had no hope of defeating President Bush for the GOP nomination. Instead, he thought his candidacy might cause Southern Republican elected officials to "remember the issues of conservative, Christian Southerners of all races who elected them over their liberal anti-South opponents ... [and] help guarantee [Confederate] flag votes by the people in Georgia and South Carolina." Finally, Kennedy wanted to use primary "federal matching funds to explain why the South was and is right!" In the aftermath of the GOP leadership dumping Senator Trent Lott's as Majority Leader for his warm comments about Strom Thurmond's 1948 segregationist Presidential campaign -- particularly Bush's role helping to push Lott out -- Kennedy decided in January 2003 to file federal paperwork to make the run. Then, in Summer 2003, he quit the race. Another related site is KennedyTwins.com (authorized personal site).

Tom "Billy Jack" Laughlin (California) Tom Laughlin

Aging movie actor Tom Laughlin -- best known for playing the justice-seeking grassroots fighting star of the Billy Jack series of B-movies for the past 20+ years -- was back making a second run for President. He previously ran in 1992 NH Democratic Primary (2% - 3,251 votes). Well, Billy Jack was back ... he was ready to go beserk ... and he ran as a Republican in the 2004 NH GOP Primary (14th place - 154 votes). In fact, Laughlin used the Billy Jack character's trademark line of "I just go beserk" as his the homepage title and footer for his campaign site. He said his campaign sought to "create an immediate and fundamental change in the 2004 primaries and general election." He equated his 2004 campaign to Gene McCarthy's peace campaign against LBJ in the 1968 NH primary. "A primary reason I run is to make the American people aware there is a window of opportunity to stop the war in Iraq immediately," explained Laughlin. He said he has "an 'Exit Plan' that strengthens our military and achieves every single goal those who argue to stay and escalate want achieved." He also vowed to "stop the Totalitarian Takeover of America ... make Americans aware of the frightening anti-American Bush Doctrine of world domination & pre-emptive strikes ... stop the exporting of American jobs ... [and] restore America to her moral purpose as our most powerful weapon in the war against terror." He didn't think much of the Congressional Democrats, either -- whom he called "Demo-Cowards" -- for supporting Bush's Iraq War plans. He also supported universal health insurance. Oh yeah, his site also touted the great investment opportunities you could have in financing a future Billy Jack movie ... and don't forget to visit the Billy Jack online store. His 2004 race was limited to the NH primary. Other related site: BillyJack.com (Laughlin's personal site).

Yehanna Joan Malone Yehanna Joan M.M. Malone (District of Columbia)

Joan Malone, a widow and mother of three children, was a write-in Democratic hopeful in 2000. She later amended her federal paperwork in 2001 to run as a Republican in 2004 as a Presidential candidate and "Representative for God." In her August 2002 withdrawal letter to the FEC, she wrote that she decided to attend college and earn a bachelor's degree in religious studies as a better way to "serve my God-Trinity, my Savior Jesus Christ, be more like him, and truly make a difference in this world ... Politicians have done nothing but steal from me."

Robert "Bob" Mills (Texas) Bob Mills

Robert Mills -- a former three-time candidate in the Dallas area for local offices -- emailed Politics1 in January 2003 to state that he was "filing paperwork to be listed as a Republican candidate for President. We presently live in Irving, Texas but will soon be moving to New Hampshire." Mills, a US Marine Corps veteran and part-time substitute teacher who has worked in the restaurant business for most of his adult life, didn't last long in the race. He dropped-out in March 2003, and later moved to Maine.

Cornelius O'Connor Cornelius E. O'Connor (Florida)

Except for the fact that Cornelius O'Connor qualified for a spot on the 2004 New Hampshire primary ballot (18th place - 77 votes), no other bio info is known about this White House hopeful. He was annoyed when a newspaper lumped him into the category of "fringe" candidates, and dropped them an angry letter. O'Connor wrote to the Concord Monitor: "One reason you may think we're fringe candidates is that we're outside the fringe of corporate kickbacks and bribes, euphemistically known as 'campaign contributions.' The lack of big bucks is what distinguishes us from the so-called 'real' candidates. They have earned their pile of money the old-fashioned way - by selling out the country with their votes. Without campaign contributions, we don't have the millions of dollars needed to buy thousands of distorted TV ads or the phony spin-doctors, image men and other assorted hacks that make up a 'real' campaign. Or perhaps you think our stands on issues put us on the fringe. But frankly, no one seems interested in finding out what our stands are ... If I seem excessively vexed, it's not easy being a fringe candidate." His campaign was limited to the NH primary. No known website.

Louis J. "Louie" Rapuano Jr. (Connecticut)

Louis Rapuano made his second run for President in 2004. In 2000, he briefly flirted with a White House run. This time, he's partially filed FEC paperwork four times to run -- four times, that is, because he's repeatedly failed to file a completed form with the FEC. Usually, he took the first page of the form, writes his name and address on it, and then attaches various handwritten notes about how his campaign is coming along. From his notes, he attended some college and "helps out" with his local town GOP organization. As for his net worth, he stated on questionnaire: "$25 in savings account." In case you were wondering, his political hero is Ronald Reagan and his favorite movie is Rambo. No sign of any active campaign.

Donald J. "Don" Reaux (Texas)

Don Reaux -- an electrical and systems engineer -- made his second run for President in 2004 (although he failed to qualify for any primary ballots this time). His first run for the White House was in 24 years ago in the 1980 Louisiana primary. Active in the Jaycees, Reaux has also volunteered in various political campaigns over the years (including George W. Bush in 2000 and George Wallace for President in 1968). As for issues, he was pro-life, anti-death penalty, wanted to eliminate the national debt by imposing massive import tariffs on foreign oil (to also force energy independence), supported the 2-4 year "temporary nationalization of all energy sectors" ... and he wanted to have a national discussion of his more radical proposals like devaluation of dollar by 50% (with a short-term freeze on all banking to impose a newly recolored, redesigned currency) and a one-month total sealing of the US borders to impose new immigration control restrictions on those already in the US and on those who would later seek to enter (or smuggle people in).

John Rigazio John Donald Rigazio (New Hampshire)

John Rigazio -- the owner of three retail convenience stores -- made his second White House run in 2004. In his 1992 run, he finished 16th place in the New Hampshire Democratic primary with 186 votes -- and was also a 1970 candidate for Congress. Rigazio said he stood apart from his opponents because of his political views: against federal tax cuts, against free trade treaties like GATT & NAFTA, supports a substantial hike in the minimum wage, and favors a Canadian-style universal health-care system for the US. He also is refused to accept any campaign contributions and funded his NH primary campaign with $100,000 from his own pocket. Rigazio, 73, is a divorced father of five adult children, a high school graduate, an Army veteran, and a life-long resident of Rochester, New Hampshire. He was also the Rochester Chamber of Commerce's Citizen of the Year for 2003. Before recently returning to the Democratic Party, he was active in the Ross Perot faction of the Reform Party. Three weeks before the NH primary filing deadline, he jumped to the GOP -- complaining that Democratic Party leaders ignored his candidacy. He volunteered, however, that even his own children are trying to ignore his candidacy. "This is the land of opportunity, not the land of guarantees," explained Rigazio. He waged an active campaign, running full-page newspaper ads in Iowa and NH. "What a bargain -- you can have your name on the ballot for President of the United States for $1,000," he said, after qualifying for a spot on the 2004 NH primary ballot. He finished 9th place there with 803 votes -- but that was far short of his 10% goal. Although Rigazio's campaign was limited to participation in the NH primary, he continued to run issue newspaper ads in the state well after the primary ended.

Keith H. Slinker (Pennsylvania)

Keith Slinker previously filed FEC to run for President in 1996 and 2000. Likewise, he filed federal paperwork to run again in 2004. He failed to qualify for ballot status in any primaries in any of the White House runs.

Ken Stremsky Kenneth S. "Ken" Stremsky (New Hampshire)

Ken Stremsky simultaneously announced his candidacy in mid-2002 for both the 2002 GOP nomination for US Senator and for the 2004 GOP nomination for President. He built a tremendously wordy web site (more than 250 pages of text!!), detailing his views on seemingly everything. Here are some excerpts from his rather lenghty homepage: "I discuss human rights on page two of this website ... Page nine of this website has some samples of my sense of humour and my creativity ... I discuss unions on page fifteen of this website ... I am willing to answer most questions that do not deal with my health, my family, and my sex life ... I am a Renaissance person and I may answer questions truthfully in different ways at different times ... I have been in awe of the nude adult woman art form since I was a child when I used to look at paintings, pictures, and drawings of women in magazines and books ... I may pose for a nude adult art class at a college in the future ...." It rambles on like that -- but you get the idea. He also used the site to try to find a girlfriend: "I hope to get married and have children in the future. If a single woman who does not have children and is between 22 years old and 32 years old would like to go out on a date with me, she may e-mail me and tell me about herself." Stremsky, a 1992 college graduate who will turn 34 in January 2004 -- works part-time in a video rental store. After a last place finish in the 2002 US Senate primary (2%), he withdrew from the Presidential race in March 2003. "I no longer desire to be elected President," he explained.

Jim Taylor (Minnesota) Jim Taylor

Jim Taylor -- a young screenwriter, filmmaker and massage therapist -- claimed that he first ran for President at age 16. With degrees in liberal arts, massage therapy and screenwriting, Taylor jokingly boasted that he had "the showbiz and holistic health background America is looking for in a President." After directing an independent film about some of the lesser-known Presidential candidates in 1996, Taylor decided to run in 2000 and made his own Presidential campaign the topic of his film entitled Run Some Idiot: One Schmuck's Presidential Odyssey. Taylor competed in the 2000 New Hampshire Democratic primary (87 votes -12th place) -- and completed his film (with cameos from President Bush, Al Gore, Mary Matalin and others). To raise money for his 2000 campaign (and film), Taylor jokingly "sold" future ambassadorships. Contributors even got a certificate commemorating their future diplomatic posting. His 2000 slogan -- "Everything is crappy!" -- was intended just to grab attention for his humorous run. "It's sheer spectacle. Once I have your attention, I can talk about the issues I'm concerned about," he explained. One of his real issues: a 30 hour work week with no cut in pay. He made a second run in 2004 -- this time as a Republican -- and maybe he'll even produce a second comedy film about it. This time he finished 16th place with 124 votes in the NH primary.

Bill Wyatt William J. "Bill" Wyatt (California)

Bill Wyatt explained that he launched his campaign for President in July 2003 "when it became apparent that there was no [GOP] opposition to [Bush's] re-election. I feel obliged to oppose the policies of his administration." Specifically, Wyatt was a peace candidate opposed to Bush's foreign policy. His top platform plank was entitled "No New Wars." He explained: "We need to stop the military expansion and promote peace. I do not believe that our international efforts are sincere. If we spend the same effort solving problems at home as we spend making the world serve our interest, then we and the world would be in better shape." He also wanted to create an online "Alternative Government Network" by using a message board to encourage the public to help build his administration. As for his other views, he wanted to "guarantee a college level education to all ... guarantee healthcare and medicine ... guarantee a secure retirement ... decriminalize the Internet ... replace consumerism as our dominant industry ... regain our civil rights ... [and] develop our economy at home first." Wyatt's effort was largely an Internet and t-shirt based campaign. "I plan to get my message out using t-shirts. I would rather distribute editorial based t-shirts than to spend money on inane, self-promoting advertisements," he wrote. Wyatt's website promised to send you a free campaign t-shirt if you'd pay for the postage. Wyatt -- running under his then-legal name William Tsangares -- previously ran as an anti-recall candidate for California Governor in the 2003 race won by Arnold Schwarzengger, but he finished 131st place with 264 votes. He has since legally changed his name to Wyatt, to reflect his real father's last name. In the past, Wyatt also lost races for other local offices. "I have a lot of practice losing, but I consider it a learning process," said Wyatt. He secured spots on the 2004 New Hampshire (15th place - 153 votes), Missouri (2nd place - 1% - 1,269 votes), Oklahoma (2nd place - 10% - 6,621 votes) and Louisiana (2nd place - 4% - 2,805 votes) Presidential primary ballots -- and ran as a write-in candidate elsewhere. He ended his campaign in late March 2004. Other related links include: Y-Que Trading Post (Wyatt's t-shirt business) and VoteNoFirst.com (Wyatt's 2003 Governor campaign)



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