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of Tennessee
Libertarian Party Presidential Nominee


POLITICAL: Libertarian Party Nominee for President, 1996 (earned ballot status in all 50 states - 486,000 votes - 0.5%).

PROFESSIONAL: Financial advisor, 1967-Present. Radio talk show host, 1998-Present. Publisher, Harry Browne Special Reports financial newsletter, 1974-97. Author of six books. Manager, newspaper feature service, 1962-67.

EDUCATION: High school graduate. Attended college for two weeks.

PERSONAL: Born June 17, 1933 in New York City, New York. Married to Pamela Lanier Wolfe. One child. Protestant.

ARTHUR "ART" OLIVIER of California
Libertarian Party Vice Presidential Nominee

Olivier is the former Mayor of Bellflower, a Los Angeles suburb with 67,000 residents. During his five years on the City Council (1994-99), Olivier privatized the city's tree trimming, crossing guards, street cleaning and the Building Department services and eliminated the city's lighting tax assessment. Olivier, 42, is an engineer with Boeing and also works as a freelance web site developer. He is married and has four children. Olivier won the Vice Presidential nomination on the second ballot at the LP National Convention.


Harry Browne for President Committee - Official Campaign Site.
Liberty Wire - Official Campaign Email Newsletter.
Project VoteSmart: Harry Browne - Non-Partisan Site.
Art Olivier for Vice President Committee - Official Campaign Site.
Libertarian Party - Official National Site.
Libertarian Party State Affiliates - Directory.
LP News - Official Newspaper.
Libertarian Party Platform - LP Platform.
Libertarians in Public Office - Directory.
Upcoming LP Events - Calendar.
Libertarian Party Product Catalog - Official Campaign Supplies.
Libertarian Strategy Caucus - Libertarian Activists
Advocates for Self-Government - Libertarian Resource.
Archimedes Shrugged - Negative Site.
LibertyCap: Browne Watch - Negative Site
Harry Browne's Skeleton Closet - Negative Site.
JacobGHornberger.com - Negative Site.


Browne, the LP's 1996 Presidential nominee, is back for a second WHite House run in 2000. Simply stated, Browne readily and realistically acknowledges he is not running to win the Presidency. Rather, he intends to use his candidacy as a platform to promote the libertarian ideology and attract supporters to the Libertarian Party in general. Browne wins -- at least in part -- if other winning candidates adopt and attempt to implement some of the party's views. He really never stopped running after the 1996 campaign -- although he did draw some spirited opposition for the LP nomination. Prominent party ideologue Jacob Hornberger flirted with making a serious run against Browne -- but settled instead on derailing Browne's campaign as a guerilla combatant. Hornberger set up an anti-Browne website, sent out anti-Browne mailings, accused Browne and LP officials of misusing campaign and party funds, and generally hurt Browne's fundraising activities. The hostile activity because so damaging that it nearly caused Browne to quit the race in April 2000. Although Browne ultimately won the nomination this year with 56% of the delegate votes (his nearest opponent captured just 19%), expect Hornberger to continue his harsh anti-Browne attacks in an attempt to further damage Browne's fundraising efforts for the general election. Browne will be on the ballot 49 states (the renegade Arizona LP gave their ballot line to an altnerative ticket -- see below), but still lags in a distant fifth place behind Bush, Gore, Nader and Buchanan. Running at only 1% in the national polls, Browne is unlikely to be included in the televised Presidential debates (although -- to be fair -- his nationwide ballot status should entitle him to participate). As for money, Browne has qualified for federal matching funds -- but will still be seriously strapped for money in the fall campaign.

(Partial Listing)

Endorser Names Not Yet Available


Harry Browne for President Campaign
P.O. Box 2347
Arlington, VA 22202
E-mail: info@harrybrowne2000.org


How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World: A Handbook for Personal Liberty by Harry Browne (1998 Reprint). In this classic libertarian book on finding personal and professional happiness, once and possible future Libertarian Presidential nominee Browne sets forth how he found satisfaction in modern day America. Originally released over two decades ago, this popular bestseller can stll give the reader a good understanding of Browne and Browne's views on society and finding individual freedom. List: $24.95. Your Price: $17.47 (You Save 30%)!

Cato Handbook for Congress: Policy Recommendations for the 106th Congress by Ed Crane & David Boaz, Editors (1999). This book is the ultimate campaign platform for any aspiring LP candidate (and it also works for ideological libertarians who run under other party labels, too). Well researched, comprehensive and easy to read, Cato Institute leaders Boaz and Crane set forth the ultimate libertarian solutions to every issue facing this nation. Even if you're not a candidate, this is a very thought provoking look at all the current political issues. List: $18.95. Your Price: $15.16 (You Save 20%)! (Paperback.)

The Libertarian Reader: Classic and Contemporary Writings from Lao-Tzu to Milton Friedman by David Boaz, Editor (1997). Collected in one volume are the classic writings that form the basis of libertarian philosophy. This book links some of the most fertile minds of our time to a centuries-old commitment to freedom, self-determination, and opposition to intrusive government. A treasure trove of libertarianism writing -- from the Bible, Thomas Jefferson, Immanuel Kant, Alexis de Tocqueville, Adam Smith and John Locke to Ayn Rand, Ludwig von Mises, F.A. Hayek, Robert Nozick, Charles Murray, John Perry Barlow and others -- touching on such important issues as the nature and extent of individual rights, the proper powers and limits of government, and the virtues and shortcomings of the marketplace. List: $27.50. Your Price: $19.25 (You Save 30%)!

Parliament of Whores: A Lone Humorist Attempts to Explain the Entire U.S. Government by P. J. O'Rourke (1992). Journalist, author and humorist O'Rourke -- who is actually a libertarian Republican closely affiliated with the Cato Institute -- presents this hilarious but disturbing look at the federal government, politics, taxes, budgets and bureaucracy in America. Although a little bit dated, any libertarian reader will find much to enjoy in this witty and suprisingly thoughtful book. A lot of fun! List: $12.00. Your Price: $9.60 (You Save 20%)! (Paperback.)

ALTERNATIVE TICKET (with ballot status in Arizona):

Neil Smith Vin Suprynowicz L. Neil Smith (Colorado)
Presidential Candidate

Vin Suprynowicz (Nevada)
Vice Presidential Candidate

Smith, a published science fiction novelist with a libertarian ideological bent, was initially the subject of a supposed draft campaign. Calling themselves the "Ad Hoc Conspiracy to Draft L. Neil Smith," they tried to generate support to "convince" Smith to run. Although the organizers initially wanted Smith to seek the Liberarian Party nomination, a cranky Smith first said he would rather run as an Independent. Although a LP member, Smith said he would not likely seek the LP nod because "the clique that owns the party would still find an excuse to reject my candidacy." Instead, Smith told the draft organizers he will run for President as an Independent if they first collect 1,000,000 signatures of voters urging him to run. Later, Smith issued a new statement clarifying that he would agree to run as the LP nominee if his supporters could secure him the nomination. Smith also sent this message for the Draft Committee: "For now, if you wish to help, buy my books." That -- and numerous other similar comments and posting -- made it clear that Smith was directly involved in the efforts of this alleged "draft" campaign and was actively seeking the LP nomination. As was long expected, Smith finally abandoned the facade of the "draft" effort and made an official declared run for the LP nomination. Much to his surprise, frontrunner Harry Browne slaughtered Smith in the California primary by a 71% to 9% vote -- causing Smith to suspend his nascent campaign. Members of the renegade Arizona Libertarian Party have been feuding with the national LP leadership for a while -- and refused to recognize Browne as their nominee. Instead, they gave their general election ballot line to a ticket of Smith and newspaper columnist Vin Suprynowicz of Nevada as the VP runningmate. Additional Smith links include: L. Neil Smith's Webley Page (Smith's personal site), The Vindex (Suprynowicz's newspaper columns) and L. Neil Smith: He's Dangerous and He's Running for President (negative site).


Jim Burns (Nevada)

A former state party chairman and frequent LP candidate for various offices in Nevada, Burns made a brief bid for the Presidential nomination but withdrew from the race in July 1999.

Don Gorman (New Hampshire)

Gorman, the owner of a small chimney sweep business, was first elected to the New Hampshire House of Representatives in the 1992. He served two terms in the state legislature before being defeated for re-election in 1996. In the House, Gorman regularly attacked federal mandates, expansive police powers and big government. A longtime Libertarian Party activist, the party named him as the Most Effective Elected Libertarian at the 1996 National Convention. While Gorman emerged as Harry Browne's leading opponent for LP nomination, he entered the race late (November 1999) and raised little money. Gorman clearly benefitted from Jacob Hornberger's guerilla campaign against Browne -- although Hornberger's re-entry in June 2000 undermined Gorman's strength at the convention by further dividing the anti-Browne vote. In the end, Gorman finished in second place at the LP National Convention with 166 delegate votes (19%) -- versus 56% for nominee Browne.

J.R. Herbaugh (West Virginia)

Herbaugh, a pro-life activist, launched his campaign for the LP Presidential nomination in mid-1999. He withdrew from the Presidential race -- and the Libertarian Party -- in January 2000 because "because the Libertarian Party refuses to uphold the sanctity of life." He subsequently endorsed GOP candidate Alan Keyes for President.

Barry Hess (Arizona)

A former conservative Republican, Hess joined the Libertarian Party five years ago because he realized that "the purpose of our government is administration -- not intervention." His three main issues were the privatization of Social Security, reducing the size of the federal government by 30% and eliminating all federal involvement in public education. Part of his government reduction plan includes the "complete elimination of the taxes on personal earnings, gifts and estates." Hess, 43, owns a small water treatment service company and another company named Empirico that sells marble and granite religious items. Unlike Browne and Gorman -- who both viewed the LP nomination as a platform to win voters over to the libertarian philosophy -- Hess tried to excite LP activists by saying he would win in November if nominated. Hess, however, clearly didn't expect to win the nomination because he filed in June 2000 to be the Libertarian nominee for US Senator in Arizona. He finished in fourth place at the LP National Convention with 53 delegate votes (6%).

Larry Hines (California)

Hines -- a former Independent who first joined the Libertarian Party in early 1999 -- billed himself as "The Openly Gay Candidate for U.S. President." A former US Marine Corps NCO who currently works as a legal secretary, he is also active in numerous gay community organizations. The main goal of his campaign was "to introduce to society the idea that one day there will be an openly gay President." Hines' platform was largely libertarian, including a call for the legalization of drugs and prostitution. After waging an energetic effort within the Libertarian Party and qualifying to appear on the primary ballot in a few states, Hines withdrew from the LP race in February 2000 and announced he instead intended to seek the Presidential nomination of Jesse Ventura's new Independence Party. An additional Hines link is Project Vote Smart: Larry Hines.

David L. "Dave" Hollist (California)

Hollist -- a bus driver, Secretary of the San Bernadino County Libertarian Party and a 1998 LP Congressional nominee -- is a LP Presidential hopeful for 2000. His site features a very detailed (and growing) campaign booklet outlining his positions. Hollist never had any real chance to win the Libertarian Party's P2000 nomination -- but he took his fight all the way to the convention and finished in fifth place with 8 delegate votes (1%). Additional Hollist links include: Hollist for President (San Bernadino County LP site) and Project Vote Smart: Dave Hollis.

Jacob G. "Bumper" Hornberger (Virginia)

Hornberger -- a libertarian ideologue, founder of the Future of Freedom Foundation and the keynote speaker at the 1996 LP National Convention -- was originally viewed as Harry Browne's most serious rival for the LP nomination. He withdrew from the Presidential race after just one month of campaigning in June 1999, explaining that his candidacy was taking too much time away from his responsibilities as head of the FFF. Instead, Hornberger spent the next year diligently running a guerilla campaign to derail Browne's campaign by hurling a serious of financial misconduct allegations at Browne, his campaign and various LP national staff members. The hostile activity because so damaging to Browne's fundraising activites that it nearly caused Browne to quit the race in April 2000. In a surprise move, Hornberger jumped back into the race just days before the start of the LP National Convention. His late re-entry only served to further divide the anti-Browne vote, as Hornberger finished in a distant third place with 120 delegate votes (13%). Expect Hornberger to continue his anti-Browne monitoring activities for the forseeable future.

Governor Gary Johnson (New Mexico)

A group of Libertarian Party activists filed paperwork in October 1999 establishing the Draft Governor Gary Johnson for President Committee (linked above). Johnson -- a Republican who has already endorsed GOP candidate Steve Forbes for President -- made national headlines in with his call for the decriminalization of all illegal drugs. At a Cato Institute event in October, Johnson called for the legal sale of marijuana and some other drugs -- with taxes on those sales. Johnson called drug use "a bad choice" but said people still should have the right to make that choice. Johnson -- a wealthy former building contractor -- has acknowledged that he has used marijuana and cocaine in the past and has friends who currently use drugs. Johnson argues that the "War on Drugs" is a costly waste of tax dollars. His LP supporters also note that Johnson is pro-choice, pro-gun, anti-tax, pro-property rights and supports "free market health care and education." Johnson quashed the effort by announcing he was flattered but had no plans to seek the Libertarian nomination. An additional Johnson link is the Office of Governor Gary Johnson (official government site).

Kenneth "Ken" Krawchuk (Pennsylvania)

Krawchuk, a computer engineer, made an unsuccessful bid for the LP Vice Presidential nomination at the national convention. Krawchuk's Vice Presidential campaign seemed to largely be for the purpose of raising his profile within the party in order to help his future fundraising efforts -- as the VP race fell in between Krawchuk's 1998 and 2002 campaigns for Pennsylvania Governor. He withdrew from the VP race after finishing in a distant third place with 9% (70 delegate votes) on the first ballot.

Steve Kubby (California)

Kubby was an unusual candidate for the LP national ticket because he was facing felony federal drug charges for cultivating marijuana at the time he announced his candidacy for Vice President. In fact -- had Kubby won the VP nomination (he finished a close second place) -- the terms of his pre-trial release bond would have prohibited him from campaigning outside of California. A publisher, cancer survivor and prominent medical marijuana legalization activist, Kubby used his brief VP campaign to raise attention for his legal fight. Kubby -- the 1998 LP nominee for California Governor -- is already an announced candidate for Governor again in 2002.

Kip Lee (California)

Lee unsuccessfully sought the LP Presidential nomination in 1996, finishing at the very back of the back at the national convention. He's back for a second futile run in 2000. Lee, a US Navy veteran, holds an A.A. degree in General Studies and describes his religion as "New Age." Although he ran as a Libertarian, two-thirds of Lee's platform (quoted here in Lee's own words) is at odds with the LP's traditional views: "Abolish the monetary system; make education free; create free communications and housing." Free?? Lee should take note of the folksy old LP slogan: "There Ain't No Such Thing As A Free Lunch." Lee ended his campaign after a dismal last place finish (5th place - 6%) in the California primary.

Gail Lightfoot (California)

Lightfoot, a nurse and former state party chair, was one of the more vocal supporters of Presidential hopeful Don Gorman. As a result of her efforts in the Gorman campaign, she decided to make a last-minute bid for Vice President at the LP National Convention. She withdrew from the VP race during the nominating speeches after making an address to the convention. A frequent candidate and longtime party activist, Lightfoot is also the party's US Senate nominee in California this year.

Brian Louk (California)

Louk, the owner of a small business and a pro-life activist, withdrew from the race for President in January 2000 after a fleetingly brief run.

Edison P. McDaniels (California)

McDaniels, a former Democrat, sought the Libertarian nomination and qualified to appear on some primary ballots. On his website, McDaniels immodestly described himself as "not your average person ... [a] brilliant scholar ... a unique individual [of his type] who is born on this planet on the average of once in a thousand years." He hopes to raise enough money to campaign cross country via train. McDaniels, 76, is a World War II veteran and a trial attorney. McDaniels, who noted that this is his third run for President, says his advantage over the other candidates is the wisdom he has acquired during his lifetime. Voters were unimpressed, as he ran poorly in the few primaries he entered. An additional link is Project VoteSmart: Edison McDaniels.

Congressman Ron Paul (Texas)

Dr. Paul, a physician and GOP Congressman from Texas, was the Libertarian nominee for President in 1988 (432,000 votes). Although still very friendly towards the LP, Paul formally rejoined the GOP in the mid-1990s. Some activists from the Libertarian Party and Reform Party tried to form a "Draft Paul" campaign to encourage Paul to make a "fusion" run for the nominations of both parties. Paul quickly responded that he was flattered but had no interest in ever again running for President. Undeterred by Paul's statement, the Draft Paul campaign -- linked above -- was launched. The Draft Paul campaign organizers conceded in November 1999 that Paul will not run in 2000 -- so they are now touting him as a 2004 candidate. For the duration of the 2000 campaign, the above "Draft Paul" site has been converted into a site touting Libertarian support for California GOP Senate candidate Tom Campbell. Additional Paul links include Ron Paul for Congress (authorized campaign site) and the Office of Congressman Ron Paul (official government site).

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This page was last updated on July 24, 2000