D. Allan (Utah)
Allan was a late and brief entrant into LP Presidential contest. Allan
-- a former activist in the Independent American Party of Utah (and an IAP
nominee for State House in 1990) -- could essentially be described as
a theocratic candidate. Of course, that would be within his own vision
of what God is mandating as a self-described "Davidic Servant." From
his various campaign websites, Allan is dedicated to establishing "Zion,"
which he defines as "the gospel and government of God working in harmony
for the improvement and sanctification of all things. The kingdom of
heaven on earth." Where he gets a bit ... umm ... different is
when he wrote
that his own 2004 candidacy was "foretold in Alphabetics Bible Code."
Born and raised as a Mormon, the LDS Church excommunicated Allan for
"apostasy" (extremist beliefs related to his religious writings) in
1993. Since then, he has devoted nearly all his time to working to create
his vision of God's Kingdom on Earth (and he also sells survivalist
emergency supplies online). He withdrew from the LP contest in November
2003 to devote his energies instead to winning the nominations of the
Constitution Party, the US Independent American Party and other conservative
parties in order to run as a "fusion" candidate. He explained that he
quit the LP race "because of their stance on social issues and
lack of acknowledgement that a group of people willfully united takes
on a life of its own and has rights." Allan later withdrew from those nomination races, too, and instead announced he would continue as an Independent write-in candidate in 2004.
estate investor and venture capitalist Clyde Cleveland first gained
national attention in 2002, as the Libertarian nominee for Iowa Governor.
He ran a professional campaign, garnered some positive media stories,
won the endorsement of the Natural Law Party (NLP), and captured 13,000
votes (4th place - 1%). In fact, his entire '02 statewide LP-NLP fusion
ticket was a combination of activists from the two parties. Cleveland
himself wedded the two sometimes differing ideologies with his laissez
faire and anti-tax economic views plus his "non-coercive"
pro-environment and anti-agricultural genetic engineering views -- a
philosophy he describes as "Green and Free." Cleveland let
LP activists know in late 2003 that he planned to officially enter the
LP Presidential contest sometime in early 2004. However, in January 2004, Cleveland sent supporters and email indicating that he decided to withdraw from the race. Interestingly, Cleveland's
2002 Lieutenant Governor runningmate -- businessman and university instructor
Rich Campagna -- won the LP nomination for
Vice President in 2004. A fact to ponder: Cleveland lives
in Fairfield -- the small Iowa town that is the national headquarters
of the Natural Law Party and all their related Maharishi think
tanks, colleges, seminars,
etc. Does this mean that Cleveland is a follower of Maharishi
Mahesh Yogi and his purported
cult movement ... or is he just someone who happens to live in the
same small town into which all those NLP/Maharishi folks all settled?
Michael Cloud (Massachusetts)
Cloud -- a prominent LP fundraiser, motivational speaker, former US
Senate and congressional candidate, and national party "insider" closely linked with the Harry Browne faction -- has been active in the LP since the 1970s. Cloud -- who was originally named Michael Emerling -- legally changed his name in the 1990s. After intially expressing some interest in running, Cloud eventually decided to not seek
the 2004 LP Presidential nomination. By email, Cloud let some LP leaders
know of his decision in early 2003. Instead, his longtime girlfriend
Carla Howell (below) appeared to be a potential candidate for the LP
nomination -- but she also disclaimed interest a few months after Cloud
made his decision not to run.
Diket is one candidate who clearly dislikes the "Libertarian Party is
Pro-Choice on Everything" buttons sold on the national party's website.
Diket -- a social conservative seemingly at odds with much of the LP's
views -- announced his candidacy for the LP Presidential nomination
in April 2003. Diket told the LP News he is running as a "pro-life,
anti-communist" candidate. Diket said he will focus his campaign on
"the abortion issue, limitation of government through financial means,
foreign policy, and the drug war." He also is staunchly pro-gun rights
and opposed to the "schemes of such New World Order lobbying groups
as the Trilateral Commission and the Council on Foreign Relations."
In what is clearly a slap at the party's laissez faire embrace
of the gay community, Diket vows that he will "seek the support of advocates
of family values instead of deviates." Diket also says that he supports
"the use of drugs to cure diseases instead of catering to addicts" --
but he does endorse the legalization of all drugs. He attacks the two
major parties as nominating Presidential candidates who are typically
"Socialist Candidate A and Socialist Candidate B." Diket, 57 and legally
blind, holds a master's degree in medieval history and is a freelance
jazz musician in New Orleans. He was the previously the Vice Chair of
the Louisiana LP and was their 1998 nominee for US Senator (7th place
- 0.3%). Diket -- who was also featured
on Pat Buchanan's campaign website in 2000 -- also touts himself as
a member of the ultra-conservative John Birch Society. Diket appeared
on the LP Presidential primary ballot in Missouri in February 2004,
finishing last place with 8% (155 votes).
Gorman (New Hampshire)
Gorman, the owner of a small chimney sweep business, was first elected
to the New Hampshire House of Representatives in the 1992. He served
two terms in the state legislature before being defeated for re-election
in 1996. In the House, Gorman regularly attacked federal mandates, expansive
police powers and big government. A longtime Libertarian Party activist,
the party named him as the Most Effective Elected Libertarian at the
1996 National Convention. While Gorman emerged as Harry Browne's leading
opponent for 2000 LP nomination, he entered the race late and raised
little money. Gorman finished in second place at the 2000 LP National
Convention with 166 delegate votes (19%) -- versus 56% for nominee Browne.
Since 2000, Gorman has been operating a "campaign school" for LP candidates.
Some party activists thought Gorman would run again in 2004. However,
the lack of any interest expressed by Gorman ended any interest in his making a second run for the nomination in 2004.
Judge James P. "Jim" Gray (California)
Superior Court Judge Jim Gray hinted a speech in late 2002 to the California
LP Convention that he was considering running for President in 2004.
Gray is a staunch advocate for drug legalization -- and has written
numerous articles and a book on why he believes the "War on Drugs" is
a total failure. Gray was appointed to the Santa Ana Municipal Court
in 1983 by Governor George Deukmejian (R-CA). In 1989, Deukmejian elevated
Gray to the Superior Court -- the highest level trial court in the California
-- where Gray still presides today. As a judge, Gray has tried innovative
approaches (like having teens "try" teens for certain crimes, and making
drunk drivers listen to stories told by various drunk driving victims).
Gray is a former Peace Corps volunteer, a decorated Vietnam War veteran,
and a former federal prosecutor. In July 2003, Gray decided to run for
US Senate in 2004 instead of President.
P. Heicklen (Pennsylvania)
Julian Heicklen is best known as an ardent marijuana legalization activist.
A retired chemistry professor at Penn State University, Heicklen was
the first candidate to officially announce (in mid-2002) for the 2004
LP nomination. And, in early 2003, he became the first announced LP
candidate to quit the race. At Penn State, the colorful Heicklen --
who calls the War on Drugs "ridiculous" -- organized weekly "Marijuana
Smoke Outs". He has publicly smoked marijuana to defy the Drug War,
sued various government agencies for violating the Constitution, participated
in non-violent sit-ins, and been arrested many times for defying restrictions
on free speech and public assembly. He hoped to organize a grassroots
effort to win the nomination, but found the task too daunting. Another
Heicklen link is Dr.
Julian Heicklen, Freedom Fighter (marijuana legalization site)..
Barry J. Hess II (Arizona)
former conservative Republican, Barry Hess joined the Libertarian Party
nearly a decade ago because he realized that "the purpose of our government
is administration -- not intervention." He was a candidate for the LP
Presidential nomination in 2000. His three main issues were the privatization
of Social Security, reducing the size of the federal government by 30%
and eliminating all federal involvement in public education. Part of
his government reduction plan includes the "complete elimination of
the taxes on personal earnings, gifts and estates." Unlike typical LP
candidates -- who view the LP nomination as a platform to win voters
over to the libertarian philosophy -- Hess tried to excite LP activists
by saying he would win as President if nominated. Ultimately, he finished
in fourth place at the 2000 LP National Convention with 53 delegate
votes (6%). He went on to be the LP nominee for US Senate in 2000 and
for Governor in 2002. During his 2002 campaign, the state's leading
newspaper wrote that Hess "is a serious candidate with well-developed
free-market ideas ... [and] represents the principles of Libertarian
philosophy in his dedication to individual rights." Hess owns a small
water treatment service company and another company named Empirico that sells marble and granite religious items. Hess initially told LP
activists he was thinking about another run for President in 2004 --
but in May 2003 he sent out an email notice that he would not run for
President, but would instead run for Governor again in 2006.
L. "Dave" Hollist (California)
Hollist -- a bus driver, former Secretary of the San Bernadino County
Libertarian Party, and a 1998 LP Congressional nominee -- was a LP Presidential
hopeful for 2000. Hollist never had any real chance to win the Libertarian
Party's P2000 nomination -- but he took his underdog fight all the way
to the convention and finished in fifth place with 8 delegate votes
(1%). Now he's back making a second -- and nearly invisible -- run for
President in 2004. His campaign site features a very detailed (and growing)
campaign booklet outlining his positions. "If you vote for me to become
the President, I will work to protect all Americans from anyone who
tries to rob us. I will introduce contract insurance, which is a way
that we can operate our government without taxation. During the last
century, Americans eliminated the disease of slavery from our beautiful
nation. This century, we should eliminate taxes," said Hollist. An additional
Hollist link is Hollist for
President 2000 (San Bernadino County LP site).
G. "Bumper" Hornberger (Virginia)
"Bumper" Hornberger -- a libertarian ideologue, attorney, founder of
the Future of Freedom Foundation
think tank, and the keynote speaker at the 1996 LP National Convention
-- was originally viewed as Harry Browne's most serious rival for the
2000 LP nomination. He withdrew from the Presidential race after just
one month of campaigning in mid-1999, explaining that his candidacy
was taking too much time away from his responsibilities as head of the
FFF. Instead, Hornberger spent the next year diligently running a stealth
campaign to derail Browne's campaign by hurling a serious of financial
misconduct allegations at Browne, his campaign and various LP national
staff members. The hostile activity because so damaging to Browne's
fundraising activites that it nearly caused Browne to quit the race
in Spring 2000. In a surprise move, Hornberger jumped back into the
race just days before the start of the LP National Convention. His late
re-entry only served to further divide the anti-Browne vote -- and Hornberger
finished in a distant third place with 120 delegate votes (13%). Hornberger's
bitter split with the Browne-faction of the LP leadership was evident
in 2002 when Hornberger ran for US Senate. He entered the race as the
Libertarian candidate -- but soon after agreed to run instead as an
Independent when the state LP (which was closely tied to the national
LP leadership) demanded that he not run under the Libertarian banner.
For much of 1999-2002, Hornberger kept another site online -- jacobghornberger.com
-- as an archive of articles detailing financial mismanagement and serious
ethical problems within the national LP leadership (although the site
was again off-line when we last checked). Hornberger seems to have washed
his hands of the LP and walked away from the party entirely -- although
he may return someday if George Phillies and the "reformers" win control
of the national party. But, for 2004, he clearly burned
all his bridges with the LP.
Howell has become a familiar face to Massachusetts voters through her
frequent campaigns for statewide office. She was the LP nominee for
State Auditor in 1998 (3rd - 6% -- and earning the LP "major party"
status in the state), for US Senate in 2000 (3rd - 12%), and for Governor
in 2002 (4th - 1%). And -- as far as LP candidates go -- Howell has
performed very well (except in 2002). She also maintains a close relationship
with the national LP leadership -- and her longtime boyfriend is Michael
Cloud (a LP fundraiser, former US Senate candidate, and national party
"insider" closely linked with the Harry Browne faction). Because of
Cloud's strong influence, the party did major fundraising work on behalf
of Howell's 2000 and 2002 candidacies, and promoted her extensively.
While there is no sign yet of a Howell for President campaign, many
within the LP expect she will enter the race. Her campaign slogan --
used in each of her races -- is "Small government is beautiful." Howell,
48, holds an MBA degree and is a Management Consultant. She has also
been involved extensively in various LP state ballot initiatives (anti-tax,
etc.) and previously served as State LP Chair. Like most in the party,
Howell is staunchly anti-tax and pro-gun rights -- the top two concerns
she emphasized in her 2002 campaign. If she entered the race, Howell
would likely have been the favored candidate of the Browne faction within
the LP. However, she announced via email in September 2003 that she
would not enter the Presidential contest.
Kenneth V. "Ken" Krawchuk
Krawchuk, 50, is a computer engineer, freelance writer, and the Pennsylvania
LP State Chairman. He made an unsuccessful bid for the LP Vice Presidential
nomination at the 2000 national convention. Krawchuk's Vice Presidential
campaign seemed to largely be for the purpose of raising his national
profile within the party. He withdrew from the VP race after finishing
in a distant third place with 9% (70 delegate votes) on the first ballot.
Krawchuk is also a frequent LP candidate for office. His past LP candidacies
include: Governor in 1998 and 2002, Congress in 2000, State Representative
in 1994, and for various local offices in 1995, 1997 and 2001. In his
1998 race, he earned 1.1% of the vote -- making him the first LP statewide
candidate in Pennsylvania to break the 1% mark. After initially announcing
his candidacy for the LP Presidential nomination in 2002, he withdrew
from the race in May 2003 because of "professional obligations." Krawchuk
later emailed Politics1 to explain that his past VP and Presidential
runs were largely intended to raise his profile within the LP for his
statewide runs in Pennsylvania (presumably to help him with fundraising,
etc.). Other related links are Draft
Committee to Nominate Ken Krawchuk and the old Krawchuk
for Congress 2000 site
Kip Lee (California)
Lee unsuccessfully sought the LP Presidential nomination in 1996 and
2000, finishing at the very back of the pack both times at the national
convention. He was briefly back for a third futile run in 2004 -- but
dropped out in September 2002. Lee, a US Navy veteran, holds an A.A.
degree in General Studies and describes his religion as "New Age." Although
he ran as a Libertarian, two-thirds of Lee's platform (quoted here in
Lee's own words) was at odds with the LP's traditional views: "Abolish
the monetary system; make education free; create free communications
and housing." Free?? Lee should take note of the folksy old LP
slogan: "There Ain't No Such Thing As A Free Lunch."
nurse Gail Lightfoot is a longtime LP activist and frequent candidate
for office. A former LP State Chair, Lightfoot was also a prominent
supporter of Don Gorman's campaign for the LP Presidential nomination
in 2000. As a result of her efforts in the Gorman campaign, she decided
to make a last-minute bid for Vice President at the 2000 LP National
Convention. However, Lightfoot withdrew from the VP race during the
nominating speeches after making her address to the convention. While
she has run for office as a LP nominee many times, her two most recent
races were for US Senate in 2000 and Secretary of State in 2002. There
had been some speculation that Lightfoot may run for President but --
in February 2003 -- she decided she would instead run for US Senate
in 2004 (note: she went on to lose the primary).
talk show host Gary Nolan was the initial frontrunner for the
LP Presidential nomination. Starting as a local radio host over a decade
ago, his show picked up a decent audience. By the time he resigned from
radio program to run for President, his "Nolan at Night" show was carried
on 65 Radio America network affiliates around the nation. A former Republican,
he joined the LP in 1999. Nolan was realistic about the purpose of his
campaign: "My goal is to be able to communicate [to voters] what Libertarians
can do for the country, in such a away that people get interested in
the party and join the party." On the issues, Nolan proposed that federal
spending be dramatically reduced over the next four years so that the
combined tax burden from all levels of government does not exceed 25%.
He wanted to repeal all the security measures imposed after 9-11 in order
to "immediately restore of our full civil liberties." Nolan also proposed
that an individual retirement account be established for every American,
consisting of their prior Social Security contributions, funded with
Treasury bills of appropriate maturities. Former LP National Executive
Director Steve Dasbach and current LP National Treasurer Bill Redpath
endorsed Nolan, along with other prominent LP activists. He competed in the California
and Missouri Presidential primary ballots. In a major surprise, Nolan finished third place at the LP Presidential Nominating Convention on the first and second ballots in May 2004 -- and threw his support to Michael Badnarik on the third ballot (which gave Badnarik the nomination).
"Art" Olivier (California)
Olivier was the LP nominee for Vice President in 2000. He is also the
former Mayor of Bellflower, a Los Angeles suburb with 72,000 residents.
During his five years on the City Council (1994-99), Olivier privatized
the city's tree trimming, crossing guards, street cleaning and the Building
Department services and eliminated the city's lighting tax assessment.
Olivier, 45, was an engineer with Boeing, before recently becoming a
also works as a freelance web site developer. He is married and has
four children. In 2002, Olivier agreed to run as the LP's write-in replacement
nominee for Governor -- after the state LP disavowed the official nominee
for embarrassing antics -- but Olivier finished far behind the discredited
LP nominee. Olivier emailed Politics1 in March 2003 to say he would
not run for President. "I feel we need a more accomplished and
well known candidate" in 2004, he wrote.
Ron Paul (R-Texas)
Ron Paul -- a physician and GOP Congressman from Texas -- was the
Libertarian nominee for President in 1988 (432,000 votes). He's known
in Washington as "Doctor No" for his consistent no votes against nearly
everything (against approving the budget, against new federal programs,
against drug laws, against regulatory laws -- even against minting
a commemorative congressional medal to present to the Pope on his
US visit). Although still very friendly towards the LP, Paul formally
rejoined the GOP in the mid-1990s. Some activists from the Libertarian
Party and Reform Party tried to form a "Draft Paul" campaign to encourage
Paul to make a "fusion" run for the 2000 nominations of both parties.
Paul quickly responded that he was flattered but had no interest in
ever again running for President. Undeterred by Paul's statement,
the Draft Paul campaign -- linked above -- was launched. The Draft
Paul campaign organizers conceded in November 1999 that Paul will
not run in 2000 -- so they then began touting him as a 2004 draft candidate.
However, at a 2002 LP event, Paul said he would not consider running ever again
again for President. As in 2000, there
was a zero percent chance that Paul would enter the
2004 LP race. However, he was a speaker at the 2004 Libertarian National Convention. Additional Paul links include Ron
Paul for Congress (authorized campaign site) and the Congressman
Ron Paul (official government site).
Ruben Perez (Texas)
Ruben Perez was the 2002 LP candidate for Texas State Railroad Commissioner
and the 2000 Reform Party nominee for the same office -- earning over
110,000 votes in his 2002 run. Interestingly, he was listed on the ballot
as Nazirite R. Flores Perez in both of his past Texas runs. Perez --
a maintenance technician and Vietnam War veteran -- filed FEC paperwork
to run as a Libertarian for President in 2004. He subsequently appeared
on the LP Presidential primary ballot in Missouri in February 2004,
finishing third place with 9% (167 votes). In a sign that Perez never really expected to be the LP Presidential nominee, two months before the national convention he became the
LP nominee for Congress in the Texas CD-23 race in 2004.
D.J. Phillies (Massachusetts)
Physics Professor George Phillies has been active in the "reform"
movement within the LP for the past few years. Running on a "Clean
Slate" platform -- criticizing the alleged insider deals involving
party donations and consulting contracts -- Phillies was an unsuccessful
candidate for LP National Chair in 2002 (3rd place - 22%). He briefly flirted with making a run for the 2004 LP Presidential nomination -- but abandoned the campaign in October 2003. Phillies, who
earned his doctorate in physics from MIT, is a former Army Reserve enlisted
man and a former Republican. He joined the LP in the late 1980s. "I
am not a social conservative. When George [H.W.] Bush attached himself
to the 'Christian Right' [in 1988], he took the Republican Party his
way and I went my way," explained Phillies. He quickly became active
in he LP, rising to the position of State LP Executive Director by
1996. He also was the LP nominee for US Senator in 1996 and for Congress
in 1998. In addition to
Phillies' personal web site (linked above), other related links are
Central Massachusetts Liberty
Coalition (Phillies' LP reform group), LP
News: Phillies for LP National Chair 2002 (profile), and Third Millenium Publishing: George Phillies (Phillies' book publisher).
Ross was an angry, protest candidate for the LP nomination. Who was he protesting
against? Just about everyone and everything! Tops on the list was the
Harry Browne faction that still dominates the party nationwide -- particularly
the national leadership and staff. "In his several bids for President
as a Libertarian it seems like [Browne's] main goal is to pocket money
he takes from Libertarians which he tells will be used to make commericals
which are never made. Most of this can be documented in articles in
Liberty Magazine. I don't want your money," explained Ross.
Perhaps no one told him Browne wasn't running again in 2004. Next on the Ross
hate list was a Phoenix area insurance agency owner who "has been
making up lies about me and telling people that I am a government snitch."
Ross' website also attacks one LP activist as "a scum bag"
... refers to the current leadership of the Arizona LP as "idiots"
... calls a mayoral candidate "a Nazi" ... and people who
believe in God ("I'm an atheist ... I don't give a rats ass what
god you worship as long as you don't try to use the force of government
to force it on someone else"). Ross -- on issues -- is part of
the extremist "no compromise" wing of the party: "I'm
more of an Anarchist Libertarian then a Libertarian. My position is
we should eliminate the government all together." Why all the anger?
The answer: Ross was on the state governing board of the old Arizona
LP group was disaffiliated and disavowed by the national party when
they recognized another group instead as the official affiliate (and
a court later ratified the action). Ross previously ran as a write-in
candidate for Arizona Governor in the 2002 primary against a candidate
backed by the faction that won control of the state party.
Aaron Russo (California)
and wealthy Hollywood movie producer Aaron Russo has flirted with political
runs for office in recent years. Although a longtime supporter of the
Libertarian Party, he ran as a libertarian (small-L) candidate for Nevada
Governor in the 1998 Republican primary (garnering a decent 26% in the
four-way race). Russo announced a second run in 2002 for Nevada Governor
as the Libertarian Party candidate, but quit the race when he was diagnosed
with cancer. Now -- after seemingly successful cancer treatments -- Russo made a splashy run
for President in 2004. He began the race as an Independent, but officially
jumped into the LP race in December 2003 (and secured primary ballot
status for the California primary). In Hollywood, Russo produced such
blockbusters as The Rose (1979) and Trading Places (1983)
during his movie career. All in all, his movies earned six Oscars and
two Golden Globe awards. As in his past runs, he made his strong support for
legalizing medical marijuana a top concern. However,
his central focus was what he decried as a post 9-11 reduction of individual
freedom in the US. "We're being deceived, suckered into this indoctrination
of the federal government which is leading toward a totalitarian country."
He vowed to repeal the Patriot Act and was opposed to any discussion of
reviving the military draft. Russo had a decent following within the party and used his personal resources to
help finance the campaign. He narrowly finished first on both the first and second ballotd at the LP Presidential Nominating Convention in May 2004 -- but lost the nomination when a third place candidate Gary Nolan withdrew and threw his support to Michael Badnarik.
L. Neil Smith (Colorado)
Neil Smith, a published science fiction novelist with a libertarian
ideological bent, was initially the subject of a draft campaign in
2000. Calling themselves the "Ad Hoc Conspiracy to Draft L. Neil Smith,"
they tried to generate support to convince Smith to run. Although
the organizers initially wanted Smith to seek the Libertarian Party
nomination, a cranky Smith first said he would rather run as an Independent
(which a second pro-Smith group was proposing). Although a LP member,
Smith said he would not likely seek the LP nod because "the clique
that owns the party would still find an excuse to reject my candidacy."
Instead, Smith told the draft organizers he would run for President
as an Independent if they first collect 1,000,000 signatures of voters
urging him to run. Later, Smith issued a new statement clarifying
that he would agree to run as the LP nominee if his supporters could
secure him the 2000 nomination. Smith also sent this message for the
Draft Committee: Eventually, Smith actively sought the LP nomination
-- and frontrunner Harry Browne slaughtered Smith in the California
primary by a 71% to 9% vote, causing Smith to suspend his nascent
campaign. Members of the renegade Arizona Libertarian Party -- who
had long been feuding with the national LP leadership -- refused to
recognize Browne as their nominee and instead gave their general election
ballot line to a ticket of Smith and newspaper columnist Vin Suprynowicz
of Nevada as the VP runningmate. Well, the same "Ad Hoc Conspiracy
to Draft L. Neil Smith" (linked above) made another try again for
the 2004 race ... Smith even provided a link to their site from his
personal site ... but this time he put a fairly early end to the draft
effort. In October 2003, he essentially ended the "Draft Smith"
effort when he endorsed Michael Badnarik for the LP nomination. Additional
Smith links include: Smith
for President 2000 (former official site), LNeilSmith.com
(Smith's personal site), and The
Libertarian Enterprise (Smith's online newsletter).
FORMER VICE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES:
is traditional in the Libertarian Party to announce early
candidacies and actively seek the Vice Presidential nomination at the
party's national nominating convention. Unlike the major parties, the
LP nominee for President rarely has a real say in who is selected as
the VP nominee. These were the announced Vice Presidential candidates
who lost at the LP national convention: Eric
Dondero (Texas), Scott Jameson (Texas) and Tamara Millay (Missouri). Charles Jay (Indiana) also sought to LP VP nomination, but withdrew to become the Presidential nominee of Utah's Personal Choice Party.