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PRESIDENCY 2004:

GREEN PARTY -
INACTIVE and FORMER CANDIDATES:

Sheila Bilyeu Sheila Bilyeu (Virginia)

Former educator and self-described "Justice Activist" Sheila Bilyeu was one of only two candidates who qualified for the Statehood-Green Party Presidential primary ballot in the District of Columbia. However, it appears she is only running as a "favorite son" candidate. In the DC primary, she lost of David Cobb by a 2-1 margin. Bilyeu was previously a 1986 candidate in the Democratic primary for Texas Governor against incumbent Mark White (but she captured only 4% of the vote). Bilyeu's 2004 candidacy was limited only to the DC contest. She placed 11th (last place) at the Green convention with 2 delegates on the first ballot. In the general election, Bilyeu ran as an Independent candidate for US Senate in Oklahoma (although she still lives in Virginia). It would be polite to describe Bilyeu as "eccentric." Over the past 20 years, she has filed numerous lawsuits against the federal government -- all dismissed by the courts -- in which she demanding the removal of a radio-like device the military allegedly planted in her head in the 1970s. She has told reporters that the device mostly sends her messages that are highly critical of her. In one lawsuit, Bilyeu claimed that President Clinton had ordered her "gassed" and had stolen her dog. If you doubt her claims, Bilyeu has this response: "Before you write me off you should search for the truth and if you did you would find that I do have a radio type device in my head. An xray could confirm it for you. If I was crazy there are plenty of people who would have been glad to put me away."


Peter Miguel Camejo (California) Peter Camejo

Peter Camejo is back on the national political scene after an absence of nearly 25 years, only he's much changed since he last ran for President. Camejo was 1976 Presidential nominee of Socialist Workers Party -- a militant, Trotskyist communist party. He won ballot status in 30 states and captured 90,000 votes. Since then, his strident leftist views have evolved into the democratic socialism of the Green Party that he now espouses. A longtime progressive activist, he marched in Selma with Martin Luther King in the early 1960s, protested the Vietnam War, and advocated environmental protection policies. He also became a successful financial executive as chair and co-founder of Progressive Asset Management, a broker-dealer firm which promotes "socially responsible investments." Camejo also created the Eco-Logical Trust for Merrill Lynch, the first environmentally-screened fund of a major firm. He was an active Nader supporter in 1996 and 2000. In 2002, Camejo was the Green nominee for California Governor (382,000 votes - 5% - 3rd place). During the Gray Davis gubernatorial recall election in 2003, he was again the Green candidate for Governor (242,000 votes - 3% - 4th place). In both those elections, Camejo polled well enough during the campaign to be included in the various televised gubernatorial debates. While Camejo was an active candidate for the Green nomination for President -- and won the California primary with 76%. However, he said from the outset that he was running as a "Draft Nader" surrogate candidate. In the days before the GP National Convention, Nader selected Camejo as his VP runningmate. The move, however, was not enough to secure the GP nomination for the Nader/Camejo ticket. At the convention, Camejo finished in second place on the first ballot with 118.5 votes (17%). A related link is Draft Camejo, a group that sought to convince Camejo to make a full-fledged run for himself for the Green nomination in 2004. The above link goes to our in-depth profile page on the Nader/Camejo ticket.


Brian Czech Brian Czech (Virginia)

Brian Czech -- a college professor who denounces the need for economic growth -- was one of many subjects of draft Presidential efforts within the Green Party. Czech frequently lectures at various academic forums on the topic of ecological economics. His most common presentation is entitled "The Steady State Revolution: Uniting Scientists and Citizens for a Sustainable Society." Czech's "Steady State" philosophy can be largely summed up this statement: "A steady state economy (that is, an economy with a relatively stable, mildly fluctuating product of population and per capita consumption) is a viable alternative to a growing economy and has become a more appropriate goal in the United States and other large, wealthy economies." Not exactly a soundbite ready-made for media consumption -- but that doesn't seem to be the top concern of this academician. Czech noted that he speaks far less abstrusely when not lecturing in an academic forum. Czech's website (linked above) and his Steady State News page are written in a more reader-friendly style. Publishers Weekly wrote that Czech is "as good at popularizing economics as Carl Sagan was science." A "Draft Czech" movement, however, never seemed to really materialize.


Paul Glover (New York) Paul Glover

Paul Glover was a big fan of Ralph Nader -- and would have been happy to help Nader run for President again in 2004 under the Green banner. He also says he could support most of the other names floated for the GPUS nomination. Still, Glover was himself an announced candidate for the Green Party's Presidential nomination (but, Glover added, he would have gladly settled for the VP spot). Glover -- a massage therapist and artist who once walked cross-country -- has been active on behalf of progressive causes for many years. He created the Ithaca HOURS program in 1991 -- essentially, locally printed currency -- that can only be used for goods and services in the local community. The program now has over 500 local business participants who support the self-sustaining project. Glover explained that the program seeks to "benefit people, rather than banks and corporate elites." He also was part the group that blocked construction of a local incinerator and kept WalMart out of the area. "My candidacy would build on critiques of capitalism to celebrate grassroots solutions to local, national and global problems -- based on thousands of programs worldwide," said Glover. At the GP National Convention, Glover placed 9th on the first ballot with 5.5 delegates (0.8%). Other related links are the Tompkins County Green Party (many articles by Glover), Ithaca News: Paul Glover and Ithaca Health Fund: Paul Glover (shiatsu masseur site).


Winona LaDuke Winona LaDuke (Minnesota)

Native American activist Winona LaDuke was the Green Party nominee for Vice President on Ralph Nader's ticket in 1996 and 2000. With a Native American father and a Jewish mother, LaDuke grew up on the West Coast. After earning degrees at Harvard and Antioch Universities, LaDuke moved back to her ancestral White Earth Reservation in northern Minnesota in the early 1980s. After working as the principal of the local reservation high school for a period of time, LaDuke soon herself involved in a lawsuit to recover lands promised to the Anishinabeg tribe by an 1867 federal treaty. Although the case was dismissed four years later, she remained active in these issues. The founder of the Indigenous Womens' Network and the White Earth Land Recovery Project, LaDuke now serves as National Program Director of Honor the Earth (a Native environmentalist organization). LaDuke -- a mother of two -- also organizes and hosts the annual Honor the Earth tour in conjunction with the folk-rock duo the Indigo Girls (with whom she was named by Ms. magazine as 1997 Woman of the Year). In addition to her Indian activism, LaDuke has also been a vocal environmental activist and formerly served on the national board of Greenpeace USA. The above link went to a feminist-based Draft LaDuke for President effort. LaDuke -- for her part -- in Fall 2003 disclaimed any interest in a candidacy of her own when she endorsed Democratic Congressman Dennis Kucinich for President. Other related LaDuke links include Nader-LaDuke 2000 (official 2000 campaign site), Voice from the Gaps: Winona LaDuke (university site), Speakout! Winona LaDuke (LaDuke's speaker's bureau), and Forefront Profile: Winona LaDuke (human rights group).


Cynthia McKinney (D-Georgia) Cynthia McKinney

Outspoken former Congresswoman Cynthia McKinney had expressed an interest in seeking the GPUS Presidential nomination for much of 2003 -- as she also sought to regain her old US House seat in the 2004 Democratic Primary. McKinney -- who remains a Democrat -- served four years in the Georgia State House and then ten years in Congress before her re-election defeat in the 2002 primary. While she compiled a solid progressive voting record, controversy has dogged her during her political career -- particularly as relates to two issues: the 9-11 terrorist attacks and Israel/Jewish issues. McKinney created a firestorm of controversy by allegedly suggesting that the US government had advance knowledge of specific details of the 9-11 attacks but allowed them to occur to justify a massive US military build-up and global adventurism. Her support for the Palestinian cause and strident criticism of Israel over the years also earned McKinney the opposition of the Jewish community. Jews around the nation contributed hundreds of thousands of dollars in 2002 to the campaign of Denise Majette, the centrist black judge who defeated McKinney. In the closing days of the campaign, McKinney's father (State Rep. Billy McKinney -- who himself lost in 2002) actually told TV reporters that he could explain why his daughter was in trouble: "Jews have bought everybody. Jews. J-E-W-S." Since then, McKinney has maintained that she lost because of crossover primary voting by Republicans (although a university analysis later showed that even without the GOP votes, Majette still would have won because of her wide 20-point margin of victory). Despite these controversies, McKinney has a good relationship with the Greens and is apparently interested in the Presidential nomination -- and in simultaneously regaining her House seat. "I am a fighter for freedom, a fighter for justice, a fighter for dignity -- and I will not stop fighting for those things," said McKinney. She spoke at various Green events around the country in 2003 to test the waters. In January 2004, McKinney issued a statement explaining that she would not seek the Green nomination for President. "I have received words of encouragement from every corner of this country and from Green Party supporters beyond our shores. But in the end, a national campaign is not in the cards for me at this time," she wrote. Other related links: Biographical Directory of the US Congress: Cynthia McKinney (Government Site), Congresswoman Cynthia McKinney (archived site), The Screwing of Cynthia McKinney (pro-McKinney report), Goodbye Cynthia (negative), and Cynthia McKinney Files (negative).


Kent Mesplay Kent P. Mesplay (California)

Dr. Kent Mesplay is the founder and President of the Turtle Island Institute, an online "virtual university" intended to "combine the best of new and emerging alternative technologies in our current culture with that of the ancient wisdom of indigenous cultures to provide for a sustainable future for all life on Earth." Mesplay is also an Air Quality Inspector with the San Diego Air Pollution Control District. He was also one of four Greens listed on the California Presidential primary ballot (4th place - 2%). Mesplay -- who earned his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in biomedical engineering -- notes that he was "raised among remote rain forest dwellers" in Papua New Guinea. Mesplay formerly worked in the field of artificial legs and cybernetics. As a Presidential candidate, he advocated alternative energy development (i.e., huge wind turbines and bio-based fuels) to make the US energy independent, abolition of the current federal income tax in favor of a new national consumption tax (that would exclude food, medicine, etc., from the taxed items), and vowed that 2/3 of his Cabinet will be women. He has been active in the Green Party since 1995. Outide of California, Mesplay has also made campaign appearances in a few states around the nation. Unlike other hopefuls who clearly acknowledged the Green nomination was a platform for a message, Mesplay repeatedly insisted he was running to actually win the Presidential election. At the Green National Convention, he finished 5th place with 23.5 delegates (3.4%) on the first ballot.


Carol Miller (New Mexico) Carol Miller

Carol Miller, a public health administrator, first rose to prominence in the Green Party in 1997 as a Congressional nominee in a special election. In that race, she captured an astounding 17% of the vote (one of the highest percentages in GPUS history) and -- by capturing a large share of the vote that the Democrats had been counting on -- allowed a Religious Right GOP candidate to capture the seat by a narrow plurality. She ran again in 1998, but her numbers fell (3rd place - 4%) and the Democrats easily recaptured the House seat. Since then, Miller remained active within the Green Party and in the 2000 Nader for President campaign. She briefly was a Green candidate for State Treasurer in 2002, but withdrew from the race. Miller was a commissioned officer in the US Public Health Service in the 1980s, and in 1993 served on the White House Health Care Task Force. She also served two terms as President of the New Mexico Public Health Association and served six terms on the Governing Council of the American Public Health Association. An advocate for rural communities, she founded the Frontier Education Center -- a group for which she now serves as Executive Director. In addition to health care reform, Miller focused much of her activism on environmental and peace issues. Miller -- who expressed an interest in the 2004 Presidential race -- largely ran for President in 2004 as a pro-Nader "favorite son" candidate. At the Green National Convention, she finished 7th place with 9.5 delegates (1.4%) on the first ballot.


Michael Moore Michael Moore (New York)

Portly leftist filmmaker and author Michael Moore has been very popular with the Greens for several years. He first rose to prominence in 1989 with his sleeper documentary hit Roger and Me -- an attack on the auto industry's purported corporate greed at the expense of the working families of Flint, Michigan. His brief TV series TV Nation in the 1990s continued the liberal anti-corporate message -- as did his 2002 bestselling book Stupid White Men. His Oscar-winning 2002 movie Bowling for Columbine advanced his anti-gun message. Moore savagely attacks Republicans and the Bush Administration in all his speeches, winning more followers on the left. In 1996 and 2000, Moore campaigned for Ralph Nader. However, his conservative critics argue that Moore plays fast and loose with the truth -- often distorting events or using information he knows to be false in his films to advance his causes. Moore still likes to describe himself as just a regular guy from Flint (he even uses the folksy MMFlint@aol.com as his public email address). And -- while Moore does still own a modest home in his old hometown -- critics say even this claim is deceptive because Moore actually lives in a lavish multi-million dollar condo unit in New York City. None of these attacks seem to diminish the enthusiasm of his boosters -- in fact, it may even encourage them, as a group of fans launched a Draft Michael Moore for President in '04 effort. The above link goes to Moore's personal site -- which also contains his frequently updated blog. While Moore was flattered by the attention, he's discouraged the draft effort and opening disclaimed any interest in seeking elective office. Likewise, he rebuffed a similar draft move in 2000. In Fall 2003, he endorsed former General Wes Clark (D) for President. In Spring 2004, Moore added his name to the list of Nader supporters from 2000 who was openly urging Nader to quit the 2004 race in favor of the Democratic nominee. A sign of how much the right hates Moore can be seen in the large number of sophisticated anti-Moore sites around the net including Moore Lies, Moore Watch, Michael Moore Hates America and Revoke The Oscar. FYI: those anti-Moore sites prompted to creation of several response sites, including WackoAttacko.com (Moore's official response) and Kuro5hin: A Defense of Michael Moore. Other related -- but unofficial -- links include: Michael Moore Online,


Michael "Mike" Morrill (Pennsylvania) Michael Morrill

Environmental activist Mike Morrill was the Green Party's nominee for Pennsylvania Governor in 2002 (38,000 votes - 1%). He has also served as Executive Director of the Pennsylvania Consumer Action Network (PCAN) -- a labor-friendly consumer and environmental advocacy organization -- since its founding. After Ralph Nader withdrew from the race for the Green nomination, Morrill entered the race as a "favorite son" candidate. His candidacy had the support of the Pennsylvania Greens, as he said his candidacy was only intended to give the group some clout in selecting the nominee at the national convention. In April 2004, Morrill withdrew from the race and endorsed David Cobb for the nomination. He explained he endorsed Cobb because Cobb was a registered Green, he was credible, and he was seeking to be an active Presidential candidate. "Ralph Nader is not a Green and Green money and energy should not be spent on him or John Kerry or any other non-Green candidate," explained Morrill.


Ralph Nader Ralph Nader (Connecticut)

Famed consumer advocate, liberal activist and Harvard-educated attorney Ralph Nader is making a fourth Presidential run in 2004. He launched his 2004 Presidential Exploratory Committee in December 2003, and announced his official candidacy in February 2004. Unlike 1996 and 2000, Nader is not seeking the Green nomination in 2004. Instead, he is running as an Independent. He later announced plans to form and run under the banner of the "Populist Party" -- not for the purpose of founding a new national organization -- but merely for making it easier to gain ballot access in some states. For those who are counting, this is run #4: he ran as a write-in candidate in the 1992 NH Democratic primary, and was the Green nominee for President in 1996 and 2000. Spending just over $5,000 (a self-imposed limit) in 1996, the curmudgeonly Nader was on the ballot in 22 states and carried over 700,000 votes (4th place - 0.8%). In 2000, Nader raised millions of dollars, mobilized leftist activists and grabbed national headlines with his anti-corporate campaign message. Nader ignored pleas from liberal Democrats that he abandon the race because he was siphoning essential votes away from Al Gore's campaign -- answering that Gore was not substantially different than Bush, and that his own campaign was about building a permanent third party. In the end, Nader was on the ballot in 44 states and finished third with 2,878,000 votes (2.7%) -- seemingly depriving Gore of wins in some key states (conservative Reform Party nominee Pat Buchanan, but contrast, intentionally declined to campaign in any states that were close so as to not hurt Bush's chances in those key states). More significantly, Nader missed the important 5% mark for the national vote, meaning that the party will still be ineligible for federal matching funds in 2004. As for the after-effects of 2000, Nader still maintains he did not cause Gore to lose because he believes most of his own voters were people who not have bothered to vote at all but for his candidacy -- although he is clearly still upset that many Democrats who previously donated to his various liberal public interest groups cut off their donations in retaliation for Nader's 2000 campaign. Nader is a lifelong bachelor, a former Army reservist, and a multi-millionaire (through investments). Nader vows that his latest campaign will work "to defeat the giant corporation residing in the White House masquerading as a human being." Nader was the heavy favorite to win the 2004 Green nomination -- until he withdrew from that contest. By forgoing the Green option in favor of an Independent run, Nader will have to secure his own ballot status. However, a vocal group within the Greens still attempted to organize a "Draft Nader" campaign for the nomination. Peter Camejo's surrogate candidacy and other tactics were being used in the primary for this draft movement. Nader, however, again shot down the draft movement in March 2004 when he wrote an open letter to the Green Party saying he would accept the party's endorsement, but would refuse to accept the Green nomination. "If you do not choose a Presidential candidate in Milwaukee, I would welcome your endorsement and have said the same to other third parties as well ... Should the national Green Party decide to endorse my candidacy and have its members focus their efforts on state and local races, then State Green Party ballot lines and the participation of Greens in a variety of ways would be mutually helpful," wrote Nader. In May 2004, Nader received the endorsement and de facto nomination of the Reform Party -- ensuring him of ballot status in CO, KS, MI, MS, MT, SC, and FL. Nader still plans to pursue the Independent route, but will run under the Reform banner if needed in those states to ensure he appears on the ballot. Also, many of his prominent 2000 supporters -- including folks like filmmaker Michael Moore and The Nation magazine -- called on Nader to get out of the 2004 race and make it clear they will not support him again. The Nation argued that the 2004 run will turn progressives sharply against Nader and expel him from their ranks. An unapologetic Nader, in response, attacked them as cowardly members of the "liberal intelligensia." Nader badly miscalculated his strategy for dealing with the Greens. On the eve of the Green Party Presidential Nominating Convention, he selected respected Green leader Peter Camejo as his VP runningmate. His supporters then made a push to either win Nader the nomination or, alternatively, ensure that the party nominated no candidate -- but then endorsed Nader. David Cobb, however, praised Nader's passion but successfully argued that merely "endorsing" Nader would risk the party's ballot status in several states and do nothing to build the party. Cobb's approach worked, and he handily defeated the Nader forced for the Presidential nomination on the second ballot. At the Green National Convention, Nader finished 3rd place with 117.5 delegates (17%) on the first ballot. The above link goes to our detailed page on Nader's indpendent candidacy.


Christina "Chris" Rosetti (New York) Christina Rosetti

Rosetti, an educator and New Age author, is waging a campaign with strong New Age spiritual overtones. As President, she promises to "promote the Spirituality of the individual and their place in society." Openly lesbian, Rosetti describes herself as "a survivor of a hate-crime perpetrated by campus police at one school where she taught" -- and is now active in rape prevention programs and supports tough hate crimes legislation. As for other issues, she is pro-gun control, anti-smoking and pro-campaign finance reform. Rosetti was a candidate for the Reform Party's Presidential nomination in 2000 and a Green Party candidate for State Assembly in New York in 2002. "Since the likelihood of my being elected is not high, my primary goals are more in line with affecting certain issues in the presidential contest," explained Rosetti. In an email to Politics1, Rosetti wrote: "What separates my candidacy from others seeking the Green Party nomination is this: I intend to reform the Green Party if nominated. The Green Party has been headed in the wrong direction for some time now. Too many of its leaders or icons are either espousing what sounds to some like anti-Semitic and anti-American propaganda or they are complacent about others who exhibit anti-Semitism. A number of these Green Party leaders or icons also hypocritically exhibit the very same avarice they say that they detest in our present government. Moreover, while some of these Green Party leaders or icons say that they are for equality and peace -- they will act as propagandists for people who would take away peoples' freedom and practice war and inequality. The Green Party, in my opinion, is starting to look more and more to some people as the party of bigotry, hypocrisy and hatred and not the party of progressive reform." Not exactly words to endear herself to Green Party activists. Perhaps that was why the Greens never acknowledged Rosetti as a GP candidate for the nomination. Rosetti later expressed an interest in seeking the Natural Law Party's 2004 nomination -- although the NLP decided to disband in April 2004.


Lorna Salzman Lorna Salzman (New York)

Lorna Salzman has been an environmental activist, writer, lecturer and political organizer for over thirty-five years. In the 1970s, she edited a local community newspaper. Next, she worked for ten years as the the regional representative of Friends of the Earth, an environmentalist and anti-nuclear organization. In the mid-1980s, she served for a period as an editor of the National Audubon Society's American Birds magazine. From there, Salzman moved on to run an anti-food irradiation group, then worked for a few years in the mid-1990s as a natural resources specialist for the New York City Department of Environmental Protection. She also became invovled with the Greens in the 1980s, co-founding the NY Green Party in 1985. She ran as a Green candidate for Congress in 1996 and again in 2002 -- and was also a US Senate candidate in 2000 of the breakaway Green Choice Party (a more centrist Green splinter group that only survived for one election cycle). Salzman wasn't even her own first choice for the Presidential nomination: "I strongly support Ralph Nader as the Green Party nominee for President ... I have submitted my name as potential Presidential candidate because to date no woman has expressed interest in being a candidate, and also because I want to put environmental and women's issues up front in the campaign. In the event that Nader or a GP member such as Paul Glover or David Cobb receives the GP Presidential nomination, I would like to be considered as a candidate for Vice President." She added in March 2004: "I think this party would work its way into oblivion if [Nader] is not our candidate" this year -- and she became sharply critical of Cobb's rival candidacy from that point forward. In addition to her environmentalist and feminists issues, she also vowed to "dismantle the WTO and NAFTA, and drastically reform the structure and objectives of the World Bank and the IMF." Salzman was one of only four Greens listed on the California Presidential primary ballot (3rd place - 11%). She also made campaign appearances in a few other states. At the Green National Convention, Salzman finished 4th place with 40 delegates (6%) on the first ballot.


Gary Swing (Colorado) Gary Swing

Festival promoter and peace activist Gary Swing was the first announced candidate for the Green Party's 2004 Presidential nomination (he entered the race in early 2001) -- and was also the first to quit the race. Swing -- a frequent candidate for Congress and US Senate in recent years -- has already waged races under the Green Party and US Pacifist Party banners. After aborting his Green Presidential bid in early 2003, Swing instead announced his candidacy for US Senator in 2004 as a Democrat -- but he also exited that race after a short time.


Storm Bear Williams Storm Bear Williams (North Carolina)

Storm Bear Willams -- a marijuana legalization activist -- has moved in and out of the various political parties over the years. He supported Reagan in '84 -- then helped the Libertarians -- before settling into the Perot/Reform Party movement for a lengthy period in the 1990s. Williams praises third parties in general for promoting new ideas. A self-described "Druid" who works as a "lab monkey for a local home healthcare pharmacy" (i.e., a clinical coordinator), he vows to protect the religious rights of "Neo-Pagans in the military." He was briefly an Independent candidate for President in 2000 -- but dropped out well before election day. Although his ideology remains much more libertarian than liberal, a small group tried to convince Williams to seek the Green nomination in 2004. In mid-2003, he wrote them a note explaining he wasn't interested in running in this election cycle.


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